Recipe for Ewa Agoyin (Ewa Aganyin): A Delicious Nigerian Bean Stew

Recipe for Ewa Agoyin (Ewa Aganyin): A Delicious Nigerian Bean Stew

Recipe for Ewa Agoyin (Ewa Aganyin): A Delicious Nigerian Bean Stew

Ewa Agoyin, also known as Ewa Aganyin, is a popular Nigerian bean stew originating from the Yoruba people.

This flavorful dish is a staple in many Nigerian households, particularly in the southwestern region.

In this article, we will delve into the rich history of Ewa Agoyin, its cultural significance, and most importantly, provide a detailed recipe to make this mouthwatering stew at home.

What is Ewa Agoyin?

Ewa Agoyin is a traditional Nigerian bean stew made with mashed beans, onions, peppers, and a blend of spices.

The dish gets its name from the Yoruba language, with “Ewa” meaning “beans” and “Agoyin” meaning “mashed” or “pounded.”

This stew is often served with a side of boiled yams, plantains, or rice, making it a filling and nutritious meal.

History and Cultural Significance of Ewa Agoyin

Ewa Agoyin has a long history in Nigerian cuisine, dating back to the pre-colonial era. The dish was originally made with locally sourced ingredients, including beans, which were a staple crop in the region.

Over time, the recipe has evolved, incorporating new spices and cooking techniques. Today, Ewa Agoyin is a beloved dish throughout Nigeria, often served at family gatherings, festivals, and special occasions.

Ingredients for Ewa Agoyin Recipe

Before we dive into the cooking process, let’s take a look at the ingredients you’ll need:

  • 1 cup of dried brown beans
  • 1 large onion, chopped
  • 2 large bell peppers, chopped
  • 2 Scotch bonnet peppers, chopped
  • 2 cloves of garlic, minced
  • 1 teaspoon of ground cumin
  • 1 teaspoon of ground coriander
  • 1/2 teaspoon of turmeric powder
  • Salt and black pepper, to taste
  • 2 tablespoons of vegetable oil
  • 2 cups of water
  • 2 tablespoons of tomato paste
  • 2 cups of chopped fresh parsley

Preparing the Beans

The first step in making Ewa Agoyin is to prepare the beans. Rinse the dried beans and soak them in water for at least 8 hours or overnight.

Drain the water and cook the beans in a large pot with 2 cups of fresh water until they are tender.

Once cooked, mash the beans using a potato masher or a blender until they reach a smooth consistency.

Sautéing the Onions and Peppers

Heat 1 tablespoon of vegetable oil in a large pan over medium heat. Add the chopped onion and sauté until it’s translucent.

Add the chopped bell peppers and Scotch bonnet peppers and continue to sauté for another 5 minutes. Add the minced garlic and sauté for an additional minute.

Adding Spices and Tomato Paste

Add the ground cumin, ground coriander, turmeric powder, salt, and black pepper to the pan and stir well.

Cook for 1 minute, allowing the spices to infuse into the onion and pepper mixture. Add the tomato paste and stir well, cooking for an additional 2 minutes.

Combining the Beans and Spice Mixture

Add the mashed beans to the pan and stir well, combining the beans with the spice mixture.

Add 2 cups of water to the pan and bring the mixture to a boil. Reduce the heat to low and simmer for 20 minutes, stirring occasionally.

Adding Fresh Parsley and Seasoning

Stir in the chopped fresh parsley and adjust the seasoning as needed. Serve the Ewa Agoyin hot with a side of boiled yams, plantains, or rice.

Tips and Variations

  • For a thicker stew, reduce the amount of water or add more tomato paste.
  • For a spicier stew, add more Scotch bonnet peppers or use hot sauce.
  • Experiment with different spices, such as ground ginger or cinnamon, to give the stew a unique flavor.
  • Serve Ewa Agoyin with a side of fried plantains or yams for a crispy texture contrast.


Ewa Agoyin is a delicious and flavorful Nigerian bean stew that is rich in history and cultural significance.

With this recipe, you can bring a taste of Nigeria to your table and enjoy a nutritious and filling meal.

Whether you’re a foodie, a culture enthusiast, or simply looking to try something new, Ewa Agoyin is a must-try dish.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the origin of Ewa Agoyin?

Ewa Agoyin originates from the Yoruba people of southwestern Nigeria.

What type of beans are used in Ewa Agoyin?

Dried brown beans are traditionally used in Ewa Agoyin, but you can also use other types of beans, such as kidney beans or black beans.

Can I make Ewa Agoyin without Scotch bonnet peppers?

Yes, you can omit the Scotch bonnet peppers or substitute them with a milder pepper, such as a jalapeño or Anaheim pepper.

How long does it take to cook Ewa Agoyin?

The cooking time for Ewa Agoyin is approximately 45 minutes, including the time it takes to cook the beans and prepare the spice mixture.

Can I make Ewa Agoyin in advance?

Yes, you can make Ewa Agoyin in advance and refrigerate or freeze it for later use. Simply reheat the stew before serving.

What are some common side dishes served with Ewa Agoyin?

Common side dishes served with Ewa Agoyin include boiled yams, plantains, rice, and fried plantains or yams.

Is Ewa Agoyin a healthy meal option?

Yes, Ewa Agoyin is a healthy meal option, rich in protein, fiber, and vitamins from the beans and vegetables.

Can I make Ewa Agoyin in a slow cooker?

Yes, you can make Ewa Agoyin in a slow cooker. Simply cook the beans and prepare the spice mixture, then combine them in the slow cooker and cook on low for 4-6 hours.


  • “Nigerian Cuisine: A Guide to Traditional Dishes.” Nigerian Food TV.
  • “Ewa Agoyin: A Delicious Nigerian Bean Stew.” All Nigerian Recipes.
  • “The Cultural Significance of Ewa Agoyin in Nigerian Cuisine.” Culture Trip.